La vie active peut avoir des effets positifs sur la santé mentale
L'InALMH s'efforce de développer et de promouvoir un cadre institutionnel et opérationnel sur l'EP pour MH dans toute l'Europe
Active Living for Mental Health is the multidimensional complex of policies, therapeutic approaches, actions and personal behaviours that promote and enable the exploitation of the benefits arising from sports, physical exercise and physical activity in general in order to maintain good mental health and to address mental health problems.
Définitions de l'exercice et de l'activité physique
Exercise is defined as “planned, structured, and repetitive and has as a final or an intermediate objective the improvement or maintenance of physical fitness.” Within this definition aerobic exercise, high intensity exercise, resistance exercise and mixed exercise are included. Physical activity is defined as “any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure”.
SOURCE :Caspersen CJ, Powell KE, Christenson GM. Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: definitions and distinctions for health-related research. Public Health Rep 1985;100(2): 126–31.
Individuals who exercised had 43% fewer days of poor mental health in the past month than individuals who did not exercise but were otherwise matched for several physical and sociodemographic characteristics. All exercise types were associated with a lower mental health burden than not exercising. The largest associations were seen for popular team sports, cycling, and aerobic and gym activities, as well as durations of 45 min and frequencies of three to five times per week.
SOURCE: Sammi R Chekroud, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Amanda B Zheutlin, Martin Paulus, Harlan M Krumholz, John H Krystal, Adam M Chekroud
Association entre exercice physique et santé mentale
Physical activity (PA) may be therapeutic for people with severe mental illness (SMI) who generally have low PA and experience numerous lifestyle-related medical complications.
SOURCES: EPA guidance on physical activity as a treatment for severe mental illness
Avantages pour la santé mentale
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